William Augustus Hall
William Augustus Hall (October 15, 1815 – December 15, 1888) was an American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives. He is the brother of Governor and Representative Willard Preble Hall and also the father of Representative Uriel Sebree Hall.
1 Early years
2 Political life
3 Later years
Born in Portland, Maine, on October 15, 1815, Hall moved with his family to Harpers Ferry, Virginia at a young age and attended the local schools there. He attended Yale College, relocated to Missouri in 1840, and was admitted to the bar there in 1841.
Hall was a Captain in the U.S.-Mexican War.
He served as judge of the Circuit Court in Missouri from 1847–1861, and as delegate to the Missouri Constitutional Convention in 1861. That same year he was elected to the 37th Congress as a replacement for John Bullock Clark, who had been expelled from Congress for taking up arms against the United States. He was elected on his own merit in 1862 and served from January 20, 1862 until March 4, 1865. He did not seek an additional term in 1864.
In 1855, he was the judge who presided over the trial of Celia, the 19 year old pregnant slave woman who was on trial for the alleged murder (in self defense) of her master, who had been sexually abusing her for years. In response to the defenses’ motion that the 1845 law protecting “any woman” legally entitled Celia to defend herself from a would-be rapist the same as a white woman, Hall instructed the jury that a slave had no right to resist her master, even in the case of sexual assault. The jury subsequently found Celia guilty and sentenced her to death.
He served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1864.
After his term in Congress ended, Hall returned to the practice of law. He died near Darksville, Missouri on December 15, 1888, and was buried in a family plot.
United States Congress. “William Augustus Hall (id: H000079)”. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 – 2005 (2005). Washington, DC: Joint Committee on Printing.
Kestenbaum, L. (n.d.). The Political Graveyard. Retrieved June 20, 2007, from : http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/hall9.html#R9M0IZ5ZK
United States House of Representatives
John Bullock Clark
Member of the U.S
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Nurses drawing “Sweepstake Tickets” at the first Ballsbridge draw, circa 1940
The Irish Hospitals’ Sweepstake was a lottery established in the Irish Free State in 1930 as the Irish Free State Hospitals’ Sweepstake to finance hospitals. It is generally referred to as the Irish Sweepstake, frequently abbreviated to Irish Sweeps or Irish Sweep. The Public Charitable Hospitals (Temporary Provisions) Act, 1930 was the act that established the lottery; as this act expired in 1934, in accordance with its terms, the Public Hospitals Acts were the legislative basis for the scheme thereafter. The main organisers were Richard Duggan, Captain Spencer Freeman and Joe McGrath. Duggan was a well known Dublin bookmaker who had organised a number of sweepstakes in the decade prior to setting up the Hospitals’ Sweepstake. Captain Freeman was a Welsh-born engineer and former captain in the British Army. After the Constitution of Ireland was enacted in 1937 the name Irish Hospitals’ Sweepstake was adopted.
1.1 In the United Kingdom and North America
2 Cultural references
5 Further reading
The sweepstake was established because there was a need for investment in hospitals and medical services and the public finances were unable to meet this expense at the time. As the population of Ireland was unable to raise sufficient funds, because of its low population, a significant amount of the funds were raised in the United Kingdom and United States, often among the emigrant Irish. Potentially winning tickets were drawn from rotating drums, usually by nurses in uniform. Each such ticket was assigned to a horse expected to run in one of several horse races, including the Cambridgeshire Handicap, Derby and Grand National. Tickets that drew the favourite horses thus stood a higher likelihood of winning and a series of winning horses had to be chosen on the accumulator system, allowing for enormous prizes.
F. F. Warren, the engineer who designed the mixing drums from which sweepstake tickets were drawn
The original sweepstake draws were held at The Mansion House, Dublin on 19 May 1939 under the supervision of the Chief Commissioner of Police, and were mo
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